About Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia)
Promote Natural Health and Overall Wellness
Bitter Melon belongs to the gourd family and is a tropical vine having a close resemblance to the cucumber, pumpkin, squash, and zucchini. It is popular throughout the world and is being used to make various Asian cuisines. It has a dense nutritional profile and contains various bioactive compounds including minerals, vitamins, polypeptides, and alkaloids. The presence of these bioactive compounds is greatly helpful to fight against numerous diseases and disorders such as scabies, fever, kidney stones, abdominal pain, diabetes, and cancer insurgence.
Chemical Composition of Bitter Melon
Bitter Melon contains 1.4% fiber, 4.2% carbohydrates, and 91.8% water. The proteins present in its seeds have the amino acids requirements quality standards as suggested by WHO, FAO, and UNO for the pre-school children. These proteins are specifically fractionated into glutelin, globulin, and albumin. Its seeds also contain oil, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and α-eleostearic acid that is conjugated with linoleic acid. The mineral profile of its seeds is also excellent as it is a rich source of zinc, chromium, phosphorus, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. Bitter Melon has gained significant attention from nutritionists, and medicinal plant researchers due to the presence of gallic acid, ascorbic acid, carbohydrates, Monomorium, alkaloids, a steroidal saponin, charantin, mineral mater, and glucosides.
Bitter Melon and Weight Loss
Bitter Melon is low in calories but contains high fiber contents, so its optimal consumption helps to lose weight. Fiber has a slow passage through the digestive tract and helps the consumers to feel full for longer times and thereby reducing the appetite and hunger. Results of some scientific studies have also shown that bitter melon helps to lose weight by fat burning.
Reduced Cholesterol Levels
Higher cholesterol levels cause a buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries and the heart has to work harder for pumping blood to the body. Various animal-based studies have revealed that the optimal and regular use of bitter Melon is helpful to reduce cholesterol levels and support heart health.
Reduced Cancer Risk
Bitter Melon contains numerous compounds having anti-cancer properties. A test tube-based study has shown that bitter Melon extract is significantly helpful to kill cancer cells of the nasopharynx, lungs, breast colon, and stomach.
Reduced Blood Sugar
Bitter Melon is being used by indigenous communities to treat blood sugar levels. Results of a three months study focused on 24 adults has shown that daily-based consumption of 2000 mg bitter Melon is effective to reduce hemoglobin A1c and blood sugar level.
Bitter Melon extract and juice have potential wound healing properties and are greatly effective to treat ringworm, scabies, and psoriasis. Its effectiveness can be more enhanced by the addition of one teaspoon of good quality and contaminant-free lime juice.
Antiparasitic Properties of Bitter Melon
Parasitic infections are causing major health risks across the globe and are affecting the gastrointestinal system of both livestock and human beings. Regular and optimal use of Bitter Melon is helpful to fight against parasites by the active involvement of glycoprotein, tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids, and saponins. These compounds fight against parasites by reducing their entry to human and animal bodies, reducing the survival capacity of new larvae, and minimizing their migratory capabilities.
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